What is the Aufbau principle?

1 Answer
Apr 20, 2015

The Aufbau (building up) Principle:

the number of electrons in an atom is equal to the atomic number;
each added electron will enter the orbitals in the order of increasing energy;
an orbital cannot take more than 2 electrons.

This principle gives the order of filling of orbitals with electrons according to this sequence:

1s > 2s > 2p > 3s > 3p > 4s > 3d > 4p > 5s > 4d

The atom of magnesium has a total of 12 electrons. Using the aufbau diagram we obtain an electronic configuration of

1#s^2#, 2#s^2#, 2#p^6#, 3#s^2#