What is the ground-state electron configuration of a neutral atom of neon?
First: Determine the number of electrons the element has. Neon has a total of then electrons.
Second: KNOW YOUR ORBITALS!!
Know how many electrons each orbital can hold and their order.
(Refer to the following pictures as notes)
Third: Write out the electron configuration:
For Neon and other elements there are more the just one way to write the electron configuration. One way is to write out the entire electron configuration by going through each orbital or we can use a shorthand notation using the noble gases as a starting point.
The first way:
Neon has a total of
We know that the
We find the configuration to be
The second way (Shorthand)
The key to using this method is to identify the noble gas closest to the desired element that is not at a higher energy (Has a higher atomic number if I'm loosely speaking). In essence, the shorthand notation tells us the configuration by using a noble gas element as our starting point instead of starting all the way at
Coincidently, Neon itself is a noble gas so we could also write the electron configuration as
All in all, the three given answers are correct ways of figuring out the electron configuration of Neon.