What major alkene product is produced by the dehydration of the following alcohols?
Here's what I get.
Dehydration of an alcohol removes the
Dehydration of an alcohol gives the more stable alkene (more highly substituted) as the major product.
The major product is 1-methylcyclohexene and methylenecyclohexane is the minor product.
The more stable (major) alkene product is 1-methylcyclohexene and the minor product is 3-methylcyclohexene.
The initially formed 2° carbocation undergoes a methyl shift to form a more stable 3° carbocation, which loses a proton to form 1,2-dimethylcyclohexane as the major product.
The 2° carbocation can rearrange by an alkyl shift to form another 3° cation that loses a proton to form isopropylidenecyclopentane as a minor product.
The initial product is an enol, which quickly tautomerizes to the more stable ketone, cyclohexanone.