What torque would have to be applied to a rod with a length of #8 m# and a mass of #8 kg# to change its horizontal spin by a frequency #5 Hz# over #9 s#?

1 Answer
Nov 15, 2017

Answer:

The torque for the rod rotating about the center is #=148.9Nm#
The torque for the rod rotating about one end is #=595.7Nm#

Explanation:

The torque is the rate of change of angular momentum

#tau=(dL)/dt=(d(Iomega))/dt=I(domega)/dt#

The mass of the rod is #m=8kg#

The length of the rod is #L=8m#

The moment of inertia of a rod, rotating about the center is

#I=1/12*mL^2#

#=1/12*8*8^2= 42.67 kgm^2#

The rate of change of angular velocity is

#(domega)/dt=(5)/9*2pi#

#=(10/9pi) rads^(-2)#

So the torque is #tau=42.67*(10/9pi) Nm=148.9Nm#

The moment of inertia of a rod, rotating about one end is

#I=1/3*mL^2#

#=1/3*8*8^2=170.7kgm^2#

So,

The torque is #tau=170.7*(10/9pi)=595.7Nm#