Why AMMONIA GAS (NH3) is an alkali/base?

1 Answer
Mar 29, 2018

Answer:

Refer to the explanation.

Explanation:

According to the Brønsted-Lowry acid base-theory, an acid is a proton (hydrogen ion, #"H"^(+)"#) donator, and a base is a proton (hydrogen ion, #"H"^(+)"#) acceptor.

#"NH"_3("aq") + "H"_2"O(l)"##harr##"NH"_4^(+)("aq") + "OH"^(-)"#

Ammonia is the hydrogen ion acceptor, and is therefore a base, and water is the hydrogen ion donor, and is therefore an acid.