How do you increase the rate of an SN1 reaction?

Jan 23, 2016

Increase the concentration of the alkyl halide.

Explanation:

the rate determining step of $S {N}_{1}$ is a unimolecular equation (mechanism of two steps) which is the step of forming the carbocation:

$R - X \to {R}^{+} + {X}^{-}$

and therefore, the rate is giving by: $R a t e = k \left[R - X\right]$.

To increase the rate of the reaction we can increase the concentration of the alkyl halide.

Organic Chemistry | Predicting the Mechanism as SN1 or SN2.