What are the rules for assigning suffixes and prefixes to functional groups?
Functional groups are arranged in order of priority. Almost every functional group has a prefix and a suffix.
The functional group of highest priority takes the suffix name. All the other functional groups are considered as substituents and use the prefix name.
Here is a list of the prefix and suffix names of common functional groups.
How would you use the above rules to name the following compound?
In the above structure, the carboxyl group has priority, and the ketone group is a substituent.
The name is 4-oxopentanoic acid.
Here's another one.
In the above structure, the ketone group has priority, and the alcohol group is a substituent.
The name is 1-hydroxypentan-2-one.