What is sp hybridization?

1 Answer
Jul 27, 2017

A form of bonding under valence-bond theory.


When there is a linear bonding molecular geometry, where an s and p orbital are overlapping, two hybridized sp orbitals are "created" in the central atom, such that:


Notice, there are also two unhybridized p orbitals, which either simply exist, carry lone electrons, or participate in #pi# orbitals.