What is the number of dots in the electron dot symbol of nitrogen?
Two of these electrons are inner core, and do not participate in bonding. The remaining 5 electrons are the valence electrons, and 6 of these bind between the nitrogen nuclei together in forming chemical bonds.
Given that a single bond is composed of 2 electrons, the
If we look at nitrogen compounds, the simplest one is ammonia,
But nitrogen is a base, and has a formal lone pair, which is conceived to form a donative bond to
The nitrogen centre is now quaternized, and is depicted with a formal positive charge (6 electrons rather than the 7 required for neutrality).