# How can you make alkoxides?

Apr 5, 2016

By adding a very strong base to an alcohol.

#### Explanation:

You can make alkoxides directly from alcohols.

$R O H + {G}_{1} H \to R {O}^{-} {J}^{+} + {H}_{2}$

Where $J$ is the non-hydrogen of a very strong base, such as sodium, and $R$ is the organic chain of the alcohol.

$R {O}^{-} {J}^{+}$ is an alkoxide, and contains the carbon chain ($R$), an oxygen negative ion (${O}^{-}$) and a reduced base (${J}^{+}$).

For example,

${C}_{4} {H}_{9} O H + L i H \to {C}_{4} {H}_{9} {O}^{-} L {i}^{+} + {H}_{2}$