There are two general types of data.
Quantitative data is information about quantities; that is, information that can be measured and written down with numbers.
Weight in pounds,time in seconds,number of questions correct on a quiz,height, shoe size, and the length of your fingernails. etc
Categorical data/ Qualitative data is information about qualities; information that can't actually be measured.
Gender, the softness of your skin, the grace with which you run, and the color of your eyes, model of car, Yes or No, Pass or Fail etc