Assonance is a repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in nonrhyming, stressed syllables near enough for the echo to be distinguished.
There are many examples of assonance in The Great Gatsby, including:
A diamante poem is a poem in which seven lines are formed to appear in the shape of a diamond.
Diamante poems are split into a structure of lines rather than words. They have an odd and strict structure.
Here is an example from one of the founders of Shadow Poetry, Marie Summers:
Kitten cute, soft purring, clawing, pouncing playful, fur, fun, feline pawing, licking, loving bright-eyed, beautiful Cat
Periphrasis is the use of excessive and long words to convey a meaning which could have been said with much more brevity.
It is important to not that periphrasis is a type of circumlocution, or roundabout and indirect way of speaking, but circumlocution is not always periphrasis.
Periphrasis is used to embellish sentences by creating vivid effects to draw the audience's attention.
This can be seen in Abraham Lincoln's famous Gettysburg Address:
Four score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal...
Lincoln could have simply said, "A long time ago, our forefathers said that all men are created equal." However, he did not. He used vivid periphrasis here, especially when he said, "Four score and seven years ago" (which is eighty-seven years, in case you were wondering).
Hope this helps!
The subject is he .
The verb (predicate) is is what a helpful friend.
Although you have placed a question mark after the example sentence, it is actually a declarative sentence. The sentence makes a statement.
A predicate is the verb plus all the words that follow that are related to that verb (a sentence can have more than one verb/predicate).
In the example sentence, the word "what" is functioning as an adverb, modifying the verb "is" as "to such extent".
The adverb introduces the adverbial phrase "what a helpful friend".
A phrase is a group of words based on a noun (friend) that functions as a unit in a sentence, in this case, as a predicate noun.
A predicate noun (also called a predicate nominative) is a noun, a phrase, or a pronoun that follows a linking verb and restates the subject.
A linking verb is a verb that acts as an equal sign, the subject of the sentence is or becomes the object. In this sentence, he = friend.
A predicate noun is a type of subject complement. The other type of subject complement is a predicate adjective, which is an adjective that follows a linking verb and restates the subject.
Example: He is funny. (he = funny).
This line shows in media res
"One morning, as Gregor Samsa was waking up from anxious dreams, he discovered that in bed he had been changed into a monstrous verminous bug."
As described in this web site,
"the expression In medias res is Latin for "into the middle of things."
"It usually describes a narrative that begins, not at the beginning of a story, but somewhere in the middle — usually at some crucial point in the action.
"The term comes from the ancient Roman poet Horace, who advised the aspiring epic poet to go straight to the heart of the story instead of beginning at the beginning." https://andromeda.rutgers.edu/~jlynch/Terms/inmediasres.html
In this case, the story opens at exactly the moment the action begins. It just plops the reader directly into the action.
Kafka could have written, "Gregor Samsa was born in Prague in the winter of 1902. He attended the local schools and on graduation, he secured a good position in a commercial firm."
This is "starting at the beginning," but this story starts in the middle of things.
Many types of art or entertainment begin in media res, including video games, movies, and legends and myths.
The adventures of many mythic heroes begin as their "Hero's Journey" begins, sometimes with a brief recounting of the miraculous events surrounding the hero's birth.
As in the Gospel stories, there is also sometimes a short tale of precocious ability -- Jesus as a boy teaching the rabbis, or Hercules strangling the snakes in his cradle.
Here's a web site that lists a few examples of stories that begin in media res
Satire is the use of humor, irony, exaggeration or ridicule to expose and criticize one's stupidity or vices.
A great deal of mockery towards funerals comes in Chapter 35 of Great Expectations, where Mrs. Joe's funeral occurs.
The house is decorated by Mr. Trabb in a gaudy manner. He even coordinates a formal funeral procession and makes the villagers dress in black mourning costumes. Even Joe finds himself "entangled in a little black cloak tied in a large bow under his chin". This is downright disrespectful and prevents Joe from showing how much he was devoted to Mrs. Joe.
One of the boys knocks the door for Pip, because he assumes that Pip is too sad to do it by himself.
The children and women only came to the house to admire the "sable warders", not Mrs. Joe. They just wanted to explore the house and show off how they can behave and fake their respects at Mrs. Joe's funeral.
Passive voice sentences often use these two formats:
• The ball gown
• The letter carrier
Your sentences don't match this pattern exactly, but you can still see how they fit into it.
You can change sentences like this into
• The ball gown
Instead of saying "
• Regina last wore the ball gown to the dance.
• The letter carrier
Instead of saying "
• A ferocious dog bit the letter carrier.
Change "this decision" into the subject of the sentence.
Change "me" into the subject ("I") of the sentence
Change "shoppers" into the subject of the sentence
The singular possessive noun is plague's.
The plural possessive noun is plagues'.
The possessive of most singular nouns is formed by adding an apostrophe s ('s) to the end of the word: plague's
Example: The plague's toll in Europe was great. (the toll of one plague)
There are two accepted ways to make a singular noun ending with s possessive:
-- add an apostrophe s ('s) to the end of the word: sickness's
-- add just an apostrophe (') to the end of the word: sickness'
Both are considered correct for singular nouns that end with s.
The possessive of regular plural nouns ending with an s is formed by just adding an apostrophe (') to the end of the word: plagues'
Example: Nothing could be done to stop the plagues' spread. (the spread of several plagues)
The possessive of irregular plural nouns (plural nouns that don't end with s) is formed the same as singular nouns, by adding an apostrophe s ('s) to the end of the word: children's
The Three Rhetorical Appeals is an argument made by Aristotle in which he states that there are three elements to the art of persuasion: ethos, pathos and logos.
Let's review the Three Rhetorical Appeals:
Ethos is the ethical appeal, which intends to persuade the audience of the author's credibility/character.
Pathos is the emotional appeal, which intends to persuade the audience by appealing to their emotions.
Logos is the logical appeal, which intends to persuade the audience using reason and logic.
In order to make an ethos, or ethical, appeal, convince the audience that you are a reliable, intelligent and can be trusted. Here is how you can achieve this:
A Macrocosm is the natural universe as a whole, including the biological realms of flora and fauna, weather and celestial objects.
A macrocosm is one of the two types of synecdoche.
Side note: A synecdoche is a figure of speech where a whole represent a part and vice versa. A microcosm is a synecdoche where a smaller part represents a larger whole.
This is one example of a microcosm:
The Department of Defense released an extensive report this evening.
Here, "The Department of Defense" is a macrocosm. The entire Department of Defense cannot release a report. An individual or a small group of individuals usually achieve this. The Department of Defense is a macrocosm because it is a whole that speaks for a part.